Sound Scattering Optimization Using the Topological Derivative and the Boundary Element Method

Agustín Sisamon, Silja C. Beck, Adrián P. Cisilino, Sabine Langer


Today, reduction of sound emission plays a vital role while designing objects of any kind.
Desirable aspects might include decreased radiation in certain directions of such an object. This work shows an approach to iteratively compute the shape of an obstacle which fulfils best to prescribed design variables using the framework provided by the topological derivative and the boundary element method (BEM).
At the beginning of the process a design space is defined in which in iterative steps the shape will be developed. A regular array of points is set over the entire design space. The objective function is given by a set of prescribed pressure values for the scatter pattern on a circle around this design space.
The object, which acts as a scatterer, is considered acoustically rigid. The shape of the object builds up cumulatively, adding in each iterative step a rigid inclusion at the position that the topological derivative identifies as the most effective to achieve the prescribed design values. The procedure is repeated until a given stopping criteria is satisfied. The proposed method requires the computation of a forward problem and an adjoint problem for each step. The first is solved using a standard BEM for 2D acoustics, while the latter is solved backwards using the prescribed pressure values. The insertion of the rigid inclusions in each step is done by removing points from the design space. The BEM model geometry is updated automatically using a weighted Delaunay triangularization algorithm capable of detecting ‘holes’ at those positions where the points have been eliminated.
The capabilities of the proposed strategy are demonstrated by solving some examples.

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